Wednesday, June 08, 2005

A Very Narrow Decision on New York's Persistent Felony Offender Law

Brown v. Greiner, Docket No. 03-2242(L) (2d Cir. June 3, 2005) (Walker, Leval, and Katzmann) (Op. by Leval): Too much has been made of this exceedingly narrow decision in the press (see, e.g., yesterday’s front page article in the New York Law Journal) and in the blogsphere (see, e.g., Professor Berman’s description of it as a “major habeas ruling”). Contrary to some accounts, this decision did not rule that New York’s persistent felony offender law comports with the Sixth Amendment as construed in the line of cases beginning with Apprendi (2000), running through Ring (2002) and Blakely (2004), and concluding (at least for now) with Booker (2005). Rather, this case holds merely that the New York courts’ determinations in 2000 and 2001 – when only Apprendi had been decided – that this law did not violate the Sixth Amendment was not an “unreasonable” reading of Apprendi, and thus that the writ should be denied under the AEDPA. This case says nothing about whether the state court decisions are correct in light of the post-Apprendi cases listed above. Indeed, it seems clear that the New York statute violates the rule of both Ring (2002) and Blakely (2004), even if it is not “unreasonable” to conclude otherwise vis-à-vis solely Apprendi.

The essentials are as follows. The Circuit denied the habeas writ to three § 2254 petitioners sentenced to extended prison terms under the New York persistent felony offender statute, N.Y. Penal Law § 70.10. The defendants each argued in state court that their extended sentences violated the Sixth Amendment as construed in Apprendi. The New York courts rejected this argument in 2000 and 2001 – after Apprendi but well before either Ring, Blakely, or Booker. In an opinion by Judge Leval, the Circuit concluded that the state courts’ determination that the persistent felon statute did not violate the Sixth Amendment was not an “unreasonable” interpretation of Apprendi, the only “clearly established” federal law “as determined by the Supreme Court” at the time of the state court decisions.

Section 70.10 requires two findings by the judge before she may impose the enhanced sentence: [1] the defendant must have been “previously convicted of two or more felonies,” and [2] the judge must be “of the opinion that the history and character of the defendant and the nature and circumstances of his criminal conduct indicate that extended incarceration and life-time supervision will best serve the public interest.” New York Penal Law § 70.10(2). The defendants’ core challenge was that finding [2] violates the Apprendi rule that “[o]ther than the fact of a prior conviction, any fact that increases the penalty for a crime beyond the prescribed statutory maximum must be submitted to a jury, and proved beyond a reasonable doubt.” Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466, 490 (2000). (Finding [1], of course, fits squarely in the Almendarez-Torres exception to the rule.). The state courts rejected this argument, and the defendants’ cases became final in 2000 and 2001.

The Circuit’s review of these decisions via the § 2254 petitions was necessarily deferential, restricted by AEPDA to upholding the decisions unless they were “contrary to, or involved an unreasonable application of, clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court.” 28 U.S.C. § 2254(d). Crucially, the reasonableness vel non of the state court decisions was to be considered only in light of the Supreme Court cases in existence at the time the state courts issued their decisions. And as noted, only Apprendi had been decided at this time.

The Circuit accepted the State’s argument that “the New York courts did not apply Apprendi unreasonably in concluding that the sentencing judge may make the determinations upon which persistent felony defender sentencing turns.” (p. 14). This was so because the “amorphous” finding that a persistent felon sentence is required “to serve the public interest” differed from the kind of fact-finding at issue in Apprendi.

As Judge Gleeson pointed out in granting habeas to one of the petitioners (only to be overturned by the Circuit), however, § 70.10 is functionally “identical” to the capital sentencing scheme struck down in Ring v. Arizona. Brown v. Greiner, 258 F. Supp.2d 68, 92 (E.D.N.Y. 2003). In the Arizona scheme ruled unconstitutional by Ring, a sentence of death – though theoretically authorized by a jury verdict convicting a defendant of first-degree murder -- was unavailable without a judge finding at least one aggregating circumstance and the absence of sufficiently substantial mitigating circumstances. See Ring v. Arizona, 536 U.S. 584, 592 (2002). Similarly, a Class A-1 felony-length sentence is unavailable for defendants under § 70.10 without finding [2], also made by the judge. For Judge Gleeson, this identity was diagnostic of the unreasonableness of the state court decision upholding the extended sentence under § 70.10: “[B]oth statutes require judicial findings, after a hearing, of at least one aggravating factor before the enhanced sentence is available, [and] both violate Apprendi.” 258 F. Supp.2d at 92.

This seems true enough – and the Circuit did not necessarily disagree with Judge Gleeson’s point. Rather, the Circuit side-stepped it by emphasizing (in a critical footnote) that under AEDPA and in light of the timing of the state court decisions challenged in the § 2254 petitions, “[t]he universe of ‘clearly established Federal law, as determined by the Supreme Court of the United States’” contains only Apprendi and the cases preceding it. Accordingly, Ring (as well as Blakely and Booker) was irrelevant to the determination at hand. The Circuit decided that it was reasonable for the New York court to conclude that the “vague, amorphous assessment” involved in finding [2] was “something quite different from the precise finding of a specific fact” in Apprendi. (p. 19) The idea is that finding [1] (the determination of prior convictions) sets the Class A-1 felony ceiling on the sentence, and finding [2] involves a court’s “traditional role” in deciding what sentence to apply below that maximum. (p. 20)

The Court’s reasoning is curious. Why is the vagueness of a factual finding sufficient to exclude it from the Apprendi rule? After all, a judge is still required to make factual findings, after a hearing, before she can impose an enhanced sentence under § 70.10. One is left wanting a more persuasive argument, particularly in light of Judge Gleeson’s point that Ring ultimately foreclosed the state courts’ reasoning. A better argument would have been that the Apprendi majority had flatly rejected a Ring-type argument in Apprendi itself. Recall that prior to Apprendi, Walton v. Arizona had upheld the capital sentencing scheme later overturned in Ring, and that Apprendi explicitly left Walton untouched. Over Justice O’Connor’s protests, Apprendi, 530 U.S. at 538 (O’Connor, J., dissenting), the Apprendi majority distinguished “state capital sentencing schemes requiring judges . . . to find specific aggravating factors before imposing a sentence of death.” Id. at 496 (opinion of the Court). Given the similarity between the Arizona scheme and § 70.10, Apprendi’s refusal to overrule Walton is compelling evidence that the New York courts’ determination that § 70.10 did not violate the Sixth Amendment was not an “unreasonable” reading of Apprendi.

Once the universe of review expands to encompass Ring, of course, the New York courts’ application of Apprendi becomes much less reasonable. Indeed, § 70.10 seems clearly to violate the rule of Ring. Moreover, Judge Leval’s attempt to distinguish the New York law on the basis of the “amorphous[ness]” of the finding required for an enhanced sentence founders in light of Blakely, which ruled that a state judge’s equally “amorphous” finding that the defendant had acted “with deliberate cruelty” in committing the offense cannot increase the statutory maximum. Accordingly, this decision is limited to cases that became final before any of the post-Apprendi cases had been decided.

A final note: The New York Court of Appeals has a case pending on direct appeal that raises the identical issue of whether § 70.10 violates the Sixth Amendment. In deciding this question on direct appeal, that Court must of course apply all the post-Apprendi cases and need not defer to any prior decisions (as AEDPA required in Brown v. Greiner). And according to the Court’s public summary of the issue, the defendants wisely base their arguments on both Ring and Blakely. One hopes the Court of Appeals will abide by these decisions in striking down § 70.10 as a violation of the Sixth Amendment.

(By James Darrow, a rising 3-L at Stanford Law School, and Yuanchung Lee).

106 Comments:

Blogger The Real Estate Answer Man said...

This Is The Way SMART Real Estate Investors Make Their Money..... And It's NOT With "UGLY HOUSE" Rhabs Or Foreclosues And Short Sales

Click Here For More
Information


sherrifs sale

October 12, 2005 at 8:02 PM  
Blogger The Answer Man said...

Real Estate Investors......You Are Shortchanging Yourself If You Are Just Doing "Fix And Flips", Foreclosures Or Renting Properties And All Of The Other Things That The Popular "GURUS" Are Telling You To Do.

Let Me Explain Why......

Click Here For More
Information


Construction loan

October 13, 2005 at 7:17 PM  
Blogger The Real Estate Answer Man said...

Real Estate investors........ Are You Sick Of The "UGLY HOUSE", "Fix And Flip" Or Rental Property Game And All Of The Headaches That Come With It?

Click Here For More
Information


sherrifs sale

October 14, 2005 at 5:14 AM  
Blogger The Real Estate Answer Man said...

Real Estate Investors........Learn What The Popular, So Called, Real Estate "GURUS" Don't Tell You Or Don't Know

Click Here For More
Information


claude diamond

October 15, 2005 at 2:03 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey, you have a great blog here! I'm definitely going to bookmark you!

I have a texas real estate site/blog. It pretty much covers ##KEYWORD## related stuff.



Come and check it out if you get time :-)

texas real estate texas real estate

October 20, 2005 at 1:11 AM  
Blogger Johnny said...

Hello, just visited your blog, it's geat. I also have a school loan related blog with some useful articles about the topic. Hope that it is helpful to you.

October 20, 2005 at 4:59 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hey, you have a great blog here! I'm definitely going to bookmark you!

I have a Loan site/blog. It pretty much covers Loans related information. We provide online applications, business, residential, we do all loans.

Come and check it out if you get time :-)

October 22, 2005 at 5:26 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Nice blog. Check out mine if you can. Thanks. finance

October 23, 2005 at 11:45 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Nice site. Check mine out if you can. personal investing

October 24, 2005 at 2:57 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

nice blog enjoyed it :)

Keep up the excellent work! and i bookmarked u!
!

October 31, 2005 at 9:13 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

If you are looking to change the look of your emails from plain white with black text to a colorful, eye-catching, attention grabbing email, OnLetterhead is the product for you. Go from "White" to "Wow" with one click!

With "OnLetterhead's "Ease of Send & Setup" (EOSS) technology, all the work is done before you type your message! Just click and send and see the results a branded difference can make.
**Marketing Strategies for the Future**

October 31, 2005 at 9:35 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

great blog. I have found another informative site with information on arizona school of real estate at arizona school of real estate

November 2, 2005 at 8:32 AM  
Blogger Goodman441 said...

Hello, this is a great blog on car loan calculator, Please visit my site when you get a chance at http://www.loanofficial.com

November 3, 2005 at 8:46 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Nice Site. We have Free Houses on my site. Please take a look remax real estate

November 4, 2005 at 2:47 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I just came across your blog about arizona registrar of contractor and wanted to drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with the information you have posted here. I also have a web site about arizona registrar of contractor so I know what I'm talking about when I say your site is top-notch! Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here! If you get a chance, please stop by arizona registrar of contractor

November 4, 2005 at 6:12 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Think that will drive you some extra traffic?

November 6, 2005 at 12:04 PM  
Blogger atoztexan said...

Hello, I really enjoy your blog … I’m going to bookmark it.
Your visitors may also enjoy another site about business loans.
It can be found by clicking here...
business loan minority

November 7, 2005 at 5:43 PM  
Blogger Car Loans Home said...

Hey, you have a great blog here! I'm definitely going to bookmark you!

I have a calculator car finance loan
site/blog. It pretty much covers calculator car finance loan
related stuff.

Come and check it out if you get time :-)

December 30, 2005 at 9:46 AM  
Blogger Investment Center said...

Hey, you have a great blog here! I'm definitely going to bookmark you!

I have a estate investing real software
site/blog. It pretty much covers estate investing real software
related stuff.

Come and check it out if you get time :-)

January 7, 2006 at 7:59 PM  
Blogger Greg said...

Hello friendly Blogers if you are thinking about do it yourself repair and do it yourself repair Ideas for Home Construction projects. If you own a home and need to work on do it yourself repair then al I want to say is Yea.... I wood love to let you in on a secret about home repairs... People ask me all the time about do it yourself repair and they want to know simple ways to solve ther problems ...well I have the answers and If you go to http://fallbrook4u.com do it yourself repair and go through the site you will find what you are looking for... what can I say butt get going ...

January 12, 2006 at 5:57 AM  
Blogger Diamonds Center said...

Hi, Thanks for your interesting blog. Keep up the great work! I also have a site & blog about diamond rio
, please feel free to visit.

January 14, 2006 at 7:23 AM  
Blogger Car Loans home said...

Hi Thanks for your interesting blog. I also have a blog/site, covering best car loans
related stuff. Feel free to visit my best car loans
site.

January 30, 2006 at 4:41 PM  
Anonymous bad credit mortgage loan said...

Your blog is creative, Keep up the great work. Don't miss visiting this site about bad credit mortgage loan http://thehomemortgageguide.com New Information revealed! bad credit mortgage loan

February 25, 2006 at 11:54 AM  
Blogger answer-man said...

ps I'm having a little trouble sending comments so if I do it twice please excuse me and I apologize.

March 15, 2006 at 2:50 PM  
Blogger Paul Adams said...

I was searching blogs,and I found your site.Please,
accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
If you have a moment, please visit my site:
credit center
It pretty much covers credit center related issues.
Have a good day!

May 5, 2006 at 2:09 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Blogging does not always widen my mental spectrum, which I need to do as a break from my own real estate work. We need more colorful blogs. Thanks for the read. Visit my site if you have a chance.

May 8, 2006 at 6:38 PM  
Blogger James Baker said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I also have a web site & blog about credit center so I know I'm talking
about when I say yours is top-notch! Keep up the
great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please visit my site credit center
Best success!

May 12, 2006 at 3:26 AM  
Blogger Joe Berenguer said...

I was searching blogs,and I found your site.Please,
accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
If you have a moment, please visit my site:
loans center
It pretty much covers loans center related issues.
Have a good day!

May 24, 2006 at 12:11 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Cyber-wandering and looking for something that might help my own real estate business. Stumbled across your blog and enjoyed the visit. Thanks for the read. Visit my site if you have a chance.

May 28, 2006 at 10:23 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I try to swap links with people in the real estate business. But most folks don�t seem to care too much for that. Still, while blogging, I enjoyed visiting your site. Interesting work. Visit my site if you have a chance.

May 30, 2006 at 1:14 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Blogging does not always widen my mental spectrum, which I need to do as a break from my own real estate work. We need more colorful blogs. Thanks for the read. Visit my site if you have a chance.

June 25, 2006 at 7:07 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

In this "cooling off" real estate market, suggest that the average residence is shown about 4 times a week during the first 3 weeks of a real estate listing. After that, an unsold home goes "stale" ... it gets shown less .

June 26, 2006 at 1:48 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hint #11 for . You Can Sell Pride Of Ownership. Cleanliness counts. Potpourrie works. So does a nice-smelling stew simmering on the stove. Happy buyers often tell us: "I liked the smell of the home." And you'd be surprised how many people walked away from a "perfect" home because "the owners were smokers."

June 27, 2006 at 2:16 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Enjoyed visiting your site. Got to get back to my own, where we spotlight homes for sale on a website dedicated exclusively to the selling of a home. Not just any old website. But a website highly-ranked in the search engines , with thousands of back links already in place, directing traffic to a seller's exclusive listing.

June 27, 2006 at 3:37 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Blackstone, a public company, has a well-deserved reputation as a savvy real estate group. Will their investment blow up in their face?

June 28, 2006 at 9:57 PM  
Anonymous annual loan amortization calculator said...

I was searching blogs,and I found yours.Please,
accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
If you have a moment, please visit my annual loan amortization calculator site.
Have a good day!

June 30, 2006 at 3:27 AM  
Anonymous annual loan amortization calculator said...

I was searching blogs,and I found yours.Please,
accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
If you have a moment, please visit my annual loan amortization calculator site.
Have a good day!

June 30, 2006 at 3:27 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I can never spend enough time blogging because I�m busy with my own real estate work, but I enjoyed your site. Too brief a visit, but thanks for the insight. Visit my site if you have a chance.

June 30, 2006 at 7:42 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Someone knows how to bring a lot of into your home, over a single weekend. Opportunity attracts them. Emotion captures them. Competition excites them. Their wallets open. Top dollar for your home pops out in an open bidding process that concludes on a single Sunday afternoon .

July 2, 2006 at 5:31 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Someone knows how to bring a lot of into your home, over a single weekend. Opportunity attracts them. Emotion captures them. Competition excites them. Their wallets open. Top dollar for your home pops out in an open bidding process that concludes on a single Sunday afternoon .

July 2, 2006 at 9:45 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Surfing for information on real estate, and I stumbled across your blog. Interesting work. Good read. Visit my site if you have a chance.

July 3, 2006 at 2:47 PM  
Blogger Debt Consolidation Refinance said...

Great Blog! I love to see informative sites and active discussion. I have bookmarked this site so I can check in from time to time. If you have a chance check out this site http:\\thehomemortgageguide.com which has alot of valuable info on Best refinance mortgage rates Thanks again for the Blog

July 3, 2006 at 9:22 PM  
Anonymous application federal loan plus said...

Hi Blogger, I found your blog quite informative.
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with it.
I give you my best wishes for your future endeavors.
If you have a moment, please visit my application federal loan plus site.
Have a great week!

July 3, 2006 at 9:27 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Blogging does not always widen my mental spectrum, which I need to do as a break from my own real estate work. We need more colorful blogs. Thanks for the read. Visit my site if you have a chance.

July 5, 2006 at 9:25 AM  
Anonymous apply for personal loan said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my apply for personal loan site.
Good luck!

July 5, 2006 at 1:00 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

watch "absorption rates" closely. It's a time-tested yardstick for home sales. Does it prove that the Housing Bubble has already popped? You bet it has.

July 8, 2006 at 4:48 PM  
Anonymous arkansas home loans said...

I was searching blogs,and I found yours.Please,
accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
If you have a moment, please visit my arkansas home loans site.
Have a good day!

July 8, 2006 at 11:40 PM  
Anonymous arizona real estate mortgage said...

Hi Blogger, I found your blog quite informative.
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with it.
I give you my best wishes for your future endeavors.
If you have a moment, please visit my arizona real estate mortgage site.
Have a great week!

July 9, 2006 at 12:58 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

. Pets Underfoot? Keep them out of the way ... preferably out of the house. Many people are acutely uncomfortable around animals. Nothing can stop a sale faster than man's best friend, wagging its friendly tail at a prospect with an allergy.
Go here for more ideas.

July 9, 2006 at 9:00 PM  
Blogger Debt Consolidation Refinance said...

Very informative blog. Anyone who owns a home or is looking to purchase real estate should check out http:\\creditscoreimprovementguide.com. This is a great place to get a bad credit mortgage refinance or to become qualified to purchase a home and obtain a low interest rate mortgage rate. Bad credit mortgage loan is a good resource for all current and potential homeowners.

July 9, 2006 at 9:25 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

If you're selling your home, consider . Faded walls and worn woodwork reduce a lot more than house appeal. They cut into your price. Invest in a few cans of paint. Brighten up the interior. .

July 10, 2006 at 7:06 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hint #8 for . Clean Your Closets: Neat, well ordered closets look bigger, suggesting that storage space is ample. One of any home's biggest deal-killers remains: "Not enough closet space."

July 11, 2006 at 11:51 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I can never spend enough time blogging because I�m busy with my own real estate work, but I enjoyed your site. Too brief a visit, but thanks for the insight. Visit my site if you have a chance.

July 11, 2006 at 1:41 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Someone knows how to bring a lot of into your home, over a single weekend. Opportunity attracts them. Emotion captures them. Competition excites them. Their wallets open. Top dollar for your home pops out in an open bidding process that concludes on a single Sunday afternoon .

July 12, 2006 at 10:27 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Here's the home buying process into a single weekend. She does it by compressing the real estate marketing budget into a much tighter timeframe than normal .

July 12, 2006 at 12:10 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

So many blogs, so little time. Got to get back to work on my own real estate sites. Enjoyed the visit. Stop by my site if you have a chance.

July 12, 2006 at 8:08 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

. Never Stay In Your House With House Hunters: Let the agent handle it, and remove yourself if possible. Remember that the Realtor� has worked many hours with these people, and knows what they're looking for, and how to work with them. Let the Realtor� do the job without interference.You may feel that an agent isn't showing the important features of your home to the prospect, but the agent knows people aren't sold by details until they've become emotionally involved with the "big picture" of your home. The presence of any member of the seller's family can't help. It always unnerves possible buyers. It often prevents a sale.
Go here for more ideas.

July 15, 2006 at 5:30 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

You can do a lot to For example, curb appeal sells: do some landscaping. Plant some flowers. Remember that the front door greets buyers. Make sure it offers potential a bright, warm welcome.

July 16, 2006 at 7:27 AM  
Anonymous auto insurance rate said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto insurance rate site.
Good luck!

July 18, 2006 at 8:10 AM  
Anonymous auto insurance rate said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto insurance rate site.
Good luck!

July 18, 2006 at 8:10 AM  
Anonymous auto loan amortization schedule said...

Hi Friend! You have a great blog over here!
Please accept my compliments and wishes for your happiness and success!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my auto loan amortization schedule site.
Have a great day!

July 19, 2006 at 2:26 PM  
Anonymous auto loan said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my auto loan site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

July 19, 2006 at 9:44 PM  
Anonymous auto loan said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my auto loan site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

July 19, 2006 at 9:44 PM  
Blogger blogme said...

I see in your blog you are talking about something related to real estate. Are you interested in real estate? Here's a good site to find those deals. All deals are available at auction prices. Residential real estate, commercial real estate, lots, real estate courses, analysis, timeshares, condo hotels, mortgages, plus many kinds of investments. You have nothing to lose by looking. Just a secret little tip I wanted to pass along.

July 20, 2006 at 5:46 AM  
Anonymous auto loan calculator amortization said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto loan calculator amortization site.
Good luck!

July 20, 2006 at 5:59 AM  
Anonymous auto loan calculator amortization said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto loan calculator amortization site.
Good luck!

July 20, 2006 at 5:59 AM  
Anonymous auto loan calculator amortization said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto loan calculator amortization site.
Good luck!

July 20, 2006 at 5:59 AM  
Anonymous auto loan calculator amortization said...

Hi Fellow! I was just searching blogs,and I found yours! I like it!
If you have a moment, please visit my auto loan calculator amortization site.
Good luck!

July 20, 2006 at 5:59 AM  
Anonymous auto loans online said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my auto loans online site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

July 20, 2006 at 7:51 PM  
Anonymous average insurance motorcycle rate said...

A fantastic blog yours. Keep it up.
If you have a moment, please visit my average insurance motorcycle rate site.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

July 21, 2006 at 6:07 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

I saw that Insurance companies order driving records from the DMV of your residence state and from other states where you've been licensed. Is this true ? Can they use this information ? I saw it on Refinance Car Loan

July 25, 2006 at 11:10 PM  
Anonymous bad credit auto loan refinance said...

This is an excellent blog. Keep it going.You are providing
a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my bad credit auto loan refinance site.
Have a great week!

July 26, 2006 at 3:44 AM  
Anonymous bad credit auto loan refinance said...

This is an excellent blog. Keep it going.You are providing
a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my bad credit auto loan refinance site.
Have a great week!

July 26, 2006 at 3:44 AM  
Anonymous bad credit auto refinance said...

Hey Fellow, you have a top-notch blog here!
If you have a moment, please have a look at my bad credit auto refinance site.
Good luck!

July 26, 2006 at 6:05 AM  
Anonymous bad credit auto refinance said...

Hey Fellow, you have a top-notch blog here!
If you have a moment, please have a look at my bad credit auto refinance site.
Good luck!

July 26, 2006 at 6:06 AM  
Anonymous bad credit bankruptcy mortgage said...

I am here because of search results for blogs with a related topic to mine.
Please,accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
I have a bad credit bankruptcy mortgage site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

July 26, 2006 at 7:04 PM  
Anonymous bad credit commercial loan said...

This is an excellent blog. Keep it going.You are providing
a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my bad credit commercial loan site.
Have a great week!

July 28, 2006 at 5:37 AM  
Anonymous bad credit credit cards said...

This is an excellent blog. Keep it going.You are providing
a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my bad credit credit cards site.
Have a great week!

July 28, 2006 at 8:29 PM  
Anonymous bad credit credit cards said...

This is an excellent blog. Keep it going.You are providing
a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please take a look at my bad credit credit cards site.
Have a great week!

July 28, 2006 at 8:29 PM  
Anonymous bad credit debt consolidation mortgage said...

Your blog I found to be very interesting!
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I have a bad credit debt consolidation mortgage
site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

July 29, 2006 at 9:34 AM  
Anonymous bad credit debt consolidation mortgage said...

Your blog I found to be very interesting!
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I have a bad credit debt consolidation mortgage
site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

July 29, 2006 at 9:34 AM  
Anonymous software bad credit said...

A fantastic blog yours. Keep it up.
If you have a moment, please visit my software bad credit site.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

July 29, 2006 at 9:47 AM  
Anonymous bad credit credit cards said...

A fantastic blog yours. Keep it up.
If you have a moment, please visit my bad credit credit cards site.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

July 29, 2006 at 9:51 AM  
Anonymous bad credit credit cards said...

A fantastic blog yours. Keep it up.
If you have a moment, please visit my bad credit credit cards site.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

July 29, 2006 at 9:51 AM  
Anonymous bad credit gauranteed personal loan said...

A fantastic blog yours. Keep it up.
If you have a moment, please visit my bad credit gauranteed personal loan site.
I send you warm regards and wish you continued success.

August 1, 2006 at 8:51 AM  
Anonymous bad credit guarantee loan mortgage said...

Hi there Blogger, a real useful blog.Keep with the good work.
If you have a moment, please visit my bad credit guarantee loan mortgage site.
I send you warm regards and wishes of continued success.

August 2, 2006 at 10:37 AM  
Anonymous secured credit cards canada said...

I am here because of search results for blogs with a related topic to mine.
Please,accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
I have a secured credit cards canada site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

August 3, 2006 at 3:17 AM  
Anonymous bad credit home equity loans said...

Your blog I found to be very interesting!
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I have a bad credit home equity loans
site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

August 5, 2006 at 7:13 AM  
Anonymous bad credit loan mortgage xxasdf said...

Your blog I found to be very interesting!
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I have a bad credit loan mortgage xxasdf
site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

August 8, 2006 at 10:52 AM  
Anonymous bad credit loan mortgage xxasdf said...

Your blog I found to be very interesting!
I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
I have a bad credit loan mortgage xxasdf
site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

August 8, 2006 at 10:52 AM  
Blogger Paul Adams said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my canadian cheap car insurance site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

August 16, 2006 at 1:59 PM  
Blogger Jane Carpenter said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my payday loans site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

September 7, 2006 at 8:20 PM  
Blogger Jane Carpenter said...

I am here because of search results for blogs with a related topic to mine.
Please,accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
I have a car loans Vermont site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

November 17, 2006 at 8:54 PM  
Blogger Joe Berenguer said...

I am here because of search results for blogs with a related topic to mine.
Please,accept my congratulations for your excellent work!
I have a motorcycle insurance Maine site.
Come and check it out if you get time :-)
Best regards!

November 20, 2006 at 2:46 AM  
Blogger James Baker said...

Hello Friend! I just came across your blog and wanted to
drop you a note telling you how impressed I was with
the information you have posted here.
Keep up the great work, you are providing a great resource on the Internet here!
If you have a moment, please make a visit to my motorcycle insurance Minnesota site.
Good luck in your endeavors!

November 20, 2006 at 4:25 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Always something good on your blog about fha loan.
I try and put interesting stuff on mine about fha loan too.
thanks.

February 3, 2007 at 3:14 AM  
Blogger doron said...

here you can find Viagra the best solution for ED treatment ,
Viagra every 6 hours every day. Buy Viagra

yes or no Viagra

There are many online pharmacies were you can find

Viagra
online and prices will be much cheaper
, Generic Viagra more over you can always Viagra On the street, Viagrafor money to
Buy Viagra Online is the best.viagra no prescription

In adition you can use Cheap Viagra you can buy Cheap Viagra online yes now you can buy Cheap Viagraor you can look forCialis for the same and some times Buy Cialis a longer lasting result!

Cialis in fact is similar to viagra in it’s affect.
Cialis is one of the most effective meal
Buy Cialis Online enhancement medications online ! Buy Cialis Online with most online pharmacies. Buy Phentermine Online it is a worldwide known drug Buy Phentermine Online
can be found on the web on numerous locations.
Buy Phentermine Online

More over yes now Buy Phentermine Online is known for it’s results
Xanax Online
is an anti anxiety medication Xanax is a short-acting drug
Buy Xanax is used to treat anxiety Buy Xanax online. best online pharmacy for you.

Vicodin Online narcotic analgesic product

Buy Vicodin relieve moderate to severe pain
Viagra Alternative You can find Buy Vicodin and
Buy Valium to treat anxiety disorders. Ultram on sale Ultram best price Ultram cheap pharmacy Ambien best price Cialis online today Cialis is known for it’s results Valium online sale Valium online sale Buy Valium
today Buy Xanax Online cheap prices Buy Xanax online today.

July 29, 2010 at 8:17 AM  
Blogger doron said...

Many pepole use Ambien Online Today.
viagra no prescription the popular insomnia relief,
viagra without prescription also no you can buy Cialis without prescription
yes it is true Cialis without prescription

is now available Viagra Online
Find the most competitive online Ambien
Online Pharmacies Ambien lowest prices Viagra is a semi-synthetic opioid Buy Phentermine Online naturally occurring opiates Buy Hydrocodone can be found online Hydrocodone is very effective !

Hydrocodone is an FDA approved medication.

Oxycodone narcotic pain-reliever.

Oxycodone Online for sensation of pain.

Oxycodone should be stored between 15 to 30 C
Buy Oxycodone relief of moderate to severe pain.
Oxycontin tablets is 5 to 30 mg every 4 hours. Buy Oxycontin
narcotic pain-relievers Oxycontin may lead to increased Levitra is formulated as orange Phentermine cross debossed on one side
Ambien only for you Ativan here also Oxycontin best price Adderall online sale Loeazepam for you Hydrocodone for pain Hydrocodone on sale today Buy Hydrocodone Online here. Buy Cialis online today Buy Phentermine Online big sale Buy Phentermine in UK pharmacy Buy Cialis cheapest prices Buy Valium today Hydrocodone Online pharmacy Adipex best offers Ambien online pharmacy Meridia best offer Buy Meridia trusted source Meridia online options Meridia best pharmacy Lorazepam best offer Alprazolam best choice accutane online here.

July 29, 2010 at 8:22 AM  
Blogger doron said...

In some cases Viagrais the best solution
Viagra Alternativemany people use
Buy xanax
and other try Xanax
you can Buy xanaxand also try to use
Phentermine
yes many pepole try
Buy Phentermine Online
and many others use
Propecia
another drug you is
Cialis also called a hypnotic.
Cialis affects chemicals in your brain Buy Phentermine Online unbalanced and cause sleep problems
cialis that causes
cialis dose-related depression
Alprazolam
is useful in treating anxiety
cialis and muscle spasms
cialis Brand name is
Phentermine A generic version
Percocet is a combination of
viagra is a Schedule
Buy Percocet to discuss what
Phentermine These would include
Percocet recreationally rather than
Buy Phentermine Online either an Addict
Valium yes this is the best website for
Valium here you can purchase
Valium online without prescription,
Valium from USA pharmacy
Valium for Anxity, or
Buy Phentermine Online on how best to deal
Phentermine No prescription specifically developed to allow Phentermine No prescription for office-based treatment Buy Ativan is in a group of drugs
Ativan is used to treat anxiety disorders.
Klonopin is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines
Xanax online offers
Xanax online sale
Ambien best price
Ambien best choice Ativan also here Ativan No Prescription Klonopin best price Xenical best prices Ultram online pharmacy Ambien Online best price.

July 29, 2010 at 8:24 AM  
Blogger doron said...

Clonazepam
affects chemicals Clonazepam is used to Klonopin if you Zolpidem prevents the Propecia use by men only Diazepam not be used cialis is pain reliever.
Cialis no prescription is the best.
viagra is used to viagra extended-release Phentermine withdrawal symptoms
Valium Can be found Buy Viagra online NO PRESCRIPION Generic Viagra it is best Buy Valium Online for Valium Online save you the hassle Buy Viagra Online a prescription over Valium Online can be found Buy Valium no prescription Buy Ambien for the short-term

Buy Levitra for the
Buy codeine narcotic pain-reliever .
codeine is morphine
codeine in the brain Acomplia new class Acomplia Cannabinoid-1 Phentermine Without Prescription online buy Xanax best prices Xanax worldwide delivery Xanax for the best Xanax at discount Xanax for anxity. Vicodin cheap prices Hydrocodone best solution Hydrocodone against pain Levitra online sale Tramadol online here Tramadol best prices Adipex online pharmacy Ambien right now
Ambien best prices Ambien best prices Buy Ambien Online discount pharmacy Buy Ambien save money Buy Adipex Online today Tramadol cheap online Vicodin online today Valium Online without prescription Cheap Cialis onlline today Cheap Cialis usa

July 29, 2010 at 8:26 AM  
Blogger doron said...

Buy Phentermine Online
Buy Phentermine Online With FDA regulations in full effect and Phentermine being considered a controlled substance, Phentermine is unfortunately not available
Buy Phentermine Online Online Drug Store, Guaranteed Shipping. Need a product that isn`t in the site? Call US!. Best Quality Drugs!
Buy Phentermine Online online without a prescription. Order best quality generic and brand phentermine overnight delivery. Online support 24 hours!.
Buy Phentermine Online Purchase best quality generic and brand phentermine. special prices for phentermine online without ...
You need to read this before you Buy Phentermine Online
Online Pharmacy tracker, news, reviews and guide on where to buy meds like, ambien, valium, xanax online. Alprazolam and diazepam from Canadian Pharmacies. Buy Xanax
Buy Xanax or Alprazolam Online. Cheapest website to buy Xanax online. Discreet shipping worldwide. Save your money and time, choose only the ...
Buy Xanax Discount Canada. Canadian Pharmacy, Secure and Anonymous. Check Order Status. Fast online consultation!
Buy Xanax
Buy Xanax Online
Buy Xanax Online (Alprazolam) online without prescription and if so, where
Buy Xanax Online
Find the most competitive online prices and Buy Ambien
right away! Save few hundreds on your order and get your insomnia relief in a prompt and timely ...
The first reason is because it is much more convenient to Buy Hydrocodone on the Internet than it is to purchase it from a traditional pharmacy. ...
Here you can Buy Hydrocodone
Buy Vicodin
Buy Oxycodone
Oxycodone
Oxycodone
Buy Xanax
Xanax
Xanax
Oxycontin
Phentermine
Phentermine
Viagra
Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Hydrocodone
Vicodin
Vicodin
Adipex
Propecia
Adipex

July 29, 2010 at 8:29 AM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

here you can find Viagra the best solution for ED treatment ,
Viagra every 6 hours every day. Buy Viagra

yes or no Viagra

There are many online pharmacies were you can find

Viagra
online and prices will be much cheaper
, Generic Viagra more over you can always Viagra On the street, Viagrafor money to
Buy Viagra Online is the best.viagra no prescription

In adition you can use Cheap Viagra you can buy Cheap Viagra online yes now you can buy Cheap Viagraor you can look forCialis for the same and some times Buy Cialis a longer lasting result!

Cialis online in fact is similar to viagra in it’s affect.
Cialis is one of the most effective meal
Buy Cialis Online enhancement medications online ! Buy Cialis Online with most online pharmacies. Buy Phentermine Online it is a worldwide known drug Buy Phentermine Online
can be found on the web on numerous locations.
Buy Phentermine Online

More over yes now Buy Phentermine Online is known for it’s results
Xanax Online
is an anti anxiety medication Xanax is a short-acting drug
Buy Xanax is used to treat anxiety Buy Xanax online. best online pharmacy for you.
viagra no prescription narcotic analgesic product
Purchase Viagra relieve moderate to severe pain
Viagra Alternative You can find Buy VIagra Online and
Buy Valium to treat anxiety disorders. Ultram on sale Ultram best price Ultram cheap pharmacy Ambien best price Cialis online today Cialis is known for it’s results Valium online sale Valium online sale Buy Valium
today Buy Xanax Online cheap prices Buy Xanax online today.

August 4, 2010 at 3:30 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

In some cases Viagrais the best solution
Viagra Alternativemany people use
Buy xanax you can buy adderall
and other try Xanax
you can Buy xanaxand also try to use
Phentermine also try buy adderall
and some
Buy Phentermine Online
and many others use
Propecia
another drug you is
Cialis also called a hypnotic.
Cialis affects chemicals in your brain Buy Phentermine Online unbalanced and cause sleep problems
cialis that causes
cialis dose-related depression
Alprazolam
is useful in treating anxiety
cialis and muscle spasms
cialis Brand name is
Phentermine A generic version
Percocet is a combination of
viagra is a Schedule
Buy Percocet to discuss what
Phentermine These would include
Percocet recreationally rather than
Buy Phentermine Online either an Addict
Valium yes this is the best website for
Valium here you can purchase
Valium online without prescription,
Valium from USA pharmacy
Valium for Anxity, or
Buy Phentermine Online on how best to deal
Phentermine No prescription specifically developed to allow Phentermine No prescription for office-based treatment Buy Ativan is in a group of drugs
Ativan is used to treat anxiety disorders.
Klonopin is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines
Xanax online offers
Xanax online sale
Ambien best price
Ambien best choice Ativan also here Ativan No Prescription Klonopin best price Buy Tramadol best prices Ultram online pharmacy Ambien Online best price.

August 4, 2010 at 3:33 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Clonazepam
affects chemicals Clonazepam is used to Klonopin if you Zolpidem prevents the Propecia use by men only Diazepam not be used cialis is pain reliever.
Cialis no prescription is the best.
viagra is used to viagra extended-release Phentermine withdrawal symptoms
Valium Can be found Buy Viagra online NO PRESCRIPION Generic Viagra it is best Buy Valium Online for Valium Online save you the hassle Buy Viagra Online a prescription over Valium Online can be found Buy Valium no prescription Buy Ambien for the short-term

Buy Levitra for the
Buy codeine narcotic pain-reliever .
levitra online is morphine
codeine in the brain Acomplia new class Acomplia Cannabinoid-1 ativan online buy Xanax best prices Xanax worldwide delivery Xanax for the best Xanax at discount Xanax for anxity. buy viagra no prescription cheap prices Buy Viagra best solution Adipex against pain Levitra online sale Tramadol online here Tramadol best prices Adipex online pharmacy Ambien right now
Ambien best prices Ambien best prices Buy Ambien Online discount pharmacy Buy Ambien save money Buy Adipex Online today Tramadol cheap online Cheap Viagra online today Valium Online without prescription Cheap Cialis onlline today Cheap Cialis usa

August 4, 2010 at 3:35 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Cialis is the best ED treatment online.
Viagra is avalible here for low low prices!
Viagra is avalible here for low low prices!
Buy Viagra online form our online pharmacy
you can find Cialis online here as well
if you would like to Buy Cialis online you have found the right place.
Cialis is drug the same as vigara.
Cialis is in fact a mail enchament drug.
on our pharmacy you can find and buy Cheap Viagra online.
Viagra is the same as cialis
Cheap Viagra is grate for cheap pepole!
Cheap Viagra is the same as not cheap viagra.
Buy Cialis Online you can find it online here.
if you like you can buy Cialis no prescription online here.
buy Cialis Without prescription here it is possible!
Buy Cialis Online with our online pharmacy store!
Buy Cialis at the cheapest price on the web !
Cialis no prescription
Cheap Cialis
Cheap Cialis
Cialis Online
Buy Cialis Online
Valium Diazepam (pronounced /da???z?p?m/), first marketed as Valium (/?v?li?m/) by .... Diazepam(Valium) DOJ.jpg. Diazepam is marketed in over 500 brands .
5mg - 10mg. 10% ADDITION DISCOUNT. Purchase best quality generic Valium
Buy Valium Online No Prescription Is Needed! Only High Quality Meds! Fda Approved Pharmacy!
Buy Valium Online Without Prescription from Official Certified Pharmacy
Buy Valium Online it is an antianxiety agent (benzodiazepines) used primarily for short-term relief of mild to moderate anxiety.
Buy Valium Online it is a drug used for the short-term relief of symptoms related to anxiety disorders.
Buy Valium Online
Buy Valium
Buy Vicodin

August 4, 2010 at 3:38 PM  
Anonymous generic viagra said...

Great blog.Thank you for creating this blog!

November 30, 2010 at 1:34 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home