Thursday, April 17, 2014

“Innocent Possession” and "Entrapment By Estoppel" Did Not Apply To Defendant Allegedly Returning Gun Under State or Local Amnesty Program

United States v. Miles, No. 13-1158-cr (2d Cir. Apr. 10, 2014) (Wesley, Carney, and Rakoff) (per curiam), available here

This summary was prepared by noted criminal defense attorney Francisco Celedonio, who is also a member of the Board of Directors of Federal Defenders of New York, Inc.:

Defendant Miles appealed his conviction and sentence as a felon in possession of  a firearm (18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1)) after a bench trial on stipulated facts. He was sentenced to a mandatory prison term of fifteen years under the Armed Career Criminal Act ("ACCA"), 18 U.S.C. § 924(e). The stipulated facts at trial included that Miles had been previously convicted of at least one felony; that he possessed the pistol in the Southern District of New York; and that an interstate nexus existed.

Miles claimed at trial that his possession of the weapon (while riding the NYC subway) was in connection with the New York “cash for guns” program as he was en route to provide the gun to law enforcement. On appeal, the Circuit held that the affirmative defense of entrapment by estoppel was not available to Miles, because, as eight other Circuits have held, “a defendant charged with violating a federal crime must show reliance on the advice or authority of federal officials or agents to invoke this defense.” Here, however, Miles allegedly relied on representations made to him by state and local officials, not federal officials, offering "cash for guns."

The Circuit also rejected Miles's "innocent possession" defense. While noting that the Circuit had not yet decided whether to recognize an innocent possession defense in the context of § 922(g), the panel cited the Court’s “repeated” rejection of an innocent possession defense where “possession was not ‘momentary’ or ‘only for as long as necessary’ to deal with a justifying necessity.” Under that standard, the district court properly precluded Miles from asserting the defense. 

In addition, the Court summarily affirmed the police officer’s probable cause to arrest Miles, based on his passage through various NYC transit cars in violation of an administrative ordinance.

Finally, the Circuit upheld Miles's fifteen-year prison term under ACCA. The Court rejected the argument that the defendant's prior state court conviction for robbery in the third degree did not qualify as a "violent felony" under ACCA because he was sentenced to less than a year in custody for that offense. The Court noted that the crime need only be "punishable" by more than a year in prison; it does not matter what sentence the defendant actually received.


Blogger oakleyses said...

oakley sunglasses cheap, coach outlet store online, kate spade outlet, air max pas cher, louboutin outlet, louis vuitton outlet stores, longchamp handbags, christian louboutin shoes, prada outlet, burberry outlet, ray ban sunglasses, air max, coach factory outlet, tiffany and co, prada handbags, michael kors outlet, tory burch outlet, kate spade handbags, polo ralph lauren outlet, louis vuitton handbags, burberry outlet, michael kors outlet, true religion outlet, louis vuitton outlet, louis vuitton, michael kors outlet, louboutin, chanel handbags, michael kors outlet, louboutin shoes, michael kors outlet, longchamp handbags, longchamp outlet, polo ralph lauren outlet, nike shoes, tiffany and co, coach outlet, true religion jeans, true religion jeans, nike free, air max, coach purses, air max, michael kors outlet, gucci outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, jordan shoes

October 28, 2014 at 1:41 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

abercrombie and fitch, nike roshe run, nike free pas cher, longchamp, mac cosmetics, hogan outlet, nike free, polo ralph lauren, sac burberry, michael kors pas cher, hollister, polo lacoste, nike tn, sac hermes, nike huarache, nike roshe, north face, sac longchamp, new balance pas cher, louis vuitton, vanessa bruno, longchamp, vans shoes, louis vuitton uk, air max, ray ban sunglasses, north face, nike blazer, nike roshe run, air jordan, sac guess, vans pas cher, barbour, oakley pas cher, nike air max, sac louis vuitton, lululemon, mulberry, michael kors, sac louis vuitton, ralph lauren, hollister, hollister, nike trainers, michael kors, ray ban pas cher, air force, converse pas cher, timberland, louboutin

October 28, 2014 at 1:42 AM  
Blogger oakleyses said...

lululemon outlet, mont blanc, air max, nfl jerseys, rolex watches, beats by dre, moncler, new balance shoes, bottega veneta, ugg, ugg australia, hollister clothing store, giuseppe zanotti, wedding dresses, iphone 6 cases, canada goose, ugg boots, ghd, reebok outlet, ferragamo shoes, chi flat iron, moncler, north face jackets, soccer shoes, ugg boots, abercrombie and fitch, babyliss pro, baseball bats, valentino shoes, uggs outlet, ugg pas cher, insanity workout, instyler, moncler outlet, canada goose uk, north face outlet, moncler, canada goose, marc jacobs, canada goose, herve leger, asics running shoes, canada goose jackets, birkin bag, canada goose outlet, soccer jerseys, p90x, jimmy choo outlet, mcm handbags, celine handbags

October 28, 2014 at 1:43 AM  
Blogger sunny li said...

canada goose store online
canada goose jackets
coach outlet store online
canada goose
michael kors
michael kors
cheap nfl jerseys
nfl jerseys
nfl jerseys factory
cheap oakley sunglasses
coach outlet online
ralph lauren
polo ralph lauren
ralph lauren outlet online
michael kors outlet online
louis vuitton luxury
louis vuitton us
louis vuitton handbags uk
gucci handbags
louis vuitton outlet
sac louis vuitton
canada goose jackets outlet
canada goose
canada goose sale online
louis vuitton outlet online
louis vuitton outlet online
moncler outlet online
ray ban sunglasses
canada goose jackor
nike skor
prada outlet
louis vuitton online
louis vuitton online shop

December 4, 2014 at 5:58 AM  
Anonymous RTyryt said...

silver jewelry
sterling silver jewelry
silver rings
sterling silver rings
silver jewelry
sterling silver jewelry
silver rings
casquette ralph lauren
polo ralph lauren pas cher
chemise ralph lauren
pull ralph lauren
polo ralph lauren femme
doudoune ralph lauren
veste ralph lauren
chaussure ralph lauren
ralph lauren femme
ralph lauren home
ralph lauren soldes
ralph lauren paris
polo ralph lauren homme
short ralph lauren
doudoune ralph lauren homme
veste ralph lauren homme
t shirt ralph lauren
short de bain ralph lauren
survetement ralph lauren
chemise ralph lauren femme
bonnet ralph lauren
sweat ralph lauren
tee shirt ralph lauren
pull ralph lauren femme
polo ralph lauren pas cher yuishipw0525

May 25, 2015 at 6:28 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home